The Tale of Rise in Cases of Domestic Violence in India amid Covid-19

The Tale of Rise in Cases of Domestic Violence in India amid Covid-19


Lately, the outbreak of the societal health hazard CORONAVIRUS as a pandemic has turned the whole world down. The countries with most infected patients, to combat it has taken several preventive steps in their countries so that the spread of the virus could be controlled, among which one of them is LOCKDOWN, where no person to go out of their houses and have to stay inside for specific days. The same step was followed by India as well, where it had 3 to 4 lockdowns for different days.

Although this step was a kind of boon in controlling the spread of the Covid-19 it was witnessed as a bane for the Indian Women in the society. The National lockdown negatively impacted a huge rise in cases of Domestic Violence.

“Domestic Violence is defined in The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act (India, 2005) as “any act of commission or omission or conduct resulting in physical, verbal, emotional, sexual and economic abuse” and this can range from calling names, insulting, humiliating, controlling behaviour, physical violence to sexual violence”.[1]

Studies throughout the long term, have indicated an immediate connection between seasons of emergency and relational brutality. Pandemics accommodate an empowering climate of dread and vulnerability that may worsen different types of savagery against ladies. Also, monetary weakness, budgetary insecurity, and separation are likewise a portion of the variables that add to making aggressive behaviour at home significantly more common.

Lamentably, abusive behaviour at home cases is underreported over the world, particularly amid worldwide crises like COVID-19. Females overall think about casual channels as their first purpose of-revealing on account of abusive behaviour at home. The principal respondent is regularly the family and the police the last.


According to the last survey in 2015 -16 by the National Family Health Survey -4, it was found that in non-pandemic situation 33 percent of married females (15 to 49 yrs) of women faced physical, sexual or emotional abuse in the house, from them also only 14 percent of them asked for help where from them also 65-86 or nearly 90 percent of them asked help for their families and only 7-3 percent of them reported it to police and 77 percent of them never said anything about it and their case remained unreported, i.e. simply 1 in 3 women was the victim of Domestic Violence, but through the news portals whether electronic or other it was evident that there was a rise in this percentage of victims of house abusive amid the lockdowns. This was also rectified by the National Legal Service Authority

At the initial stage of the lockdown only 257 cases of various offences against females were being reported to the NATIONAL WOMEN COMMISSION (NCW), from them 69 were of Domestic Violence, where according to the head of NCW most of the cases were reported from Punjab through an electronic medium. This number of cases was also uncertain because due to the lockdown there was no accessibility to the victims. And if we talk about our capital city, those only in Delhi nearly 2500 calls were made to the Emergency Helpline No., where 1612 were of Domestic Violence, 23 of rape and 600 of other abuse to women.

But here according to NALSA, the highest number of cases have been reported from Uttarakhand – 144 then by Haryana – 79 and Delhi – 63 in number. It also stated that amid this pandemic lockdown the cases of abuse against increased by 21 percent i.e. from 4,709 to 5,695 and out of that nearly 700 cases were of Domestic Violence i.e. 3,287 to 3,993.

If now go for specific Statistics then the number of complaints recorded in January was 538, 523 in February and 501 in March, but from 24th March 2020 at least 600 cases of mental and physical abuse have been reported against husbands (due to alcohol and drug consumption) and family members, where within 2 weeks there was 100 percent rise in cases of domestic abuse founded by the NCW. And specifically till 16th April, there was a 45 percent rise from that data of the preceding 25 days.

In April and May a bit of relaxation was there by 377 and 552 cases being reported, where from 24th March to 31ST May- 31,1,477 cases were all around the world at different platforms, but then again in the month of June there was a rise and nearly 730 cases were reported. From this huge change, it was found that within April and May there have been cases but were not reported anywhere.


The lockdown of COVID-19 lockdowns in India reduced the chances of revealing of abusive behavior at home and even increased the number of cases. Here are the reasons-

  1. Reasons of Increase
  • Isolation

With working environments shut, visits to friends & family debilitated, and even open stops untouchable, social segregation has become government-authorized. Also, social isolation is the tactics used by husbands for domestic violence. By segregating casualties from companions, family, and any external contact, victimizers can affirm command over the casualty’s whole climate. Social seclusion can prompt the standardization of manhandling and permit victimizers to all the more effectively take part in gaslighting procedures. Serious and steady disconnection can make casualties depend exclusively on their victimizers to characterize a feeling of the real world, which takes care of into a pattern of misuse that is extremely hard to get away.

  • Pressure or Stress

Another factor normally connected with it is pressure and Stress. Catastrophic events and emergencies catalyze high-stress reactions that frequently associate with increments in Domestic Violence. As to the COVID-19 pandemic, stressors proliferate. From multiple points of view, sickness episodes can cultivate a kind of stress more guileful than that of different fiascos. To be specific, pandemics touch off the obscure. During most debacles, for example, storms or quakes, we know whether we’ve been by and by affected. In spite of the fact that these functions can be exceptionally unpleasant, there is, at any rate, a setup time limit from which we can start to evaluate the harm and inevitably push ahead. Yet, with viral pandemics, we are regularly left in a continuous condition of danger and stress, setting off an overexposure of the pressure hormone cortisol. Rises in pressure hormones have for some time been related with expanded hostility.

  • Unemployment and financial instability

One explicit kind of stressor has been given huge consideration with regards to Domestic Violence is financial uneasiness. In fact, the copious examination has indicated that IPV is almost certain (and more serious) in families that are monetarily bothered. Today, the COVID-19 pandemic has caused exceptional occupation misfortune. At the point when manliness is compromised (for instance, by work misfortune and the apparent inability to “give”), victimizers react with a brutality so as to recover a feeling of influence and control on their wife and family.

  • Liquor or Drug Intake or lack of intake 

Liquor is additionally broadly viewed as a critical indicator of Domestic Abuse, basically because of its disinhibitory impact on animosity. For connections previously defaced with viciousness and misuse, liquor stokes the fire, especially when combined with the confinement and stress examined previously.

During the lockdown, the culprit may perpetrate savagery on the companion requesting to satisfy his liquor utilization needs or may devour liquor at home, in presence of his relatives, as the alcohol outlets are shut. In both the above situations, Domestic Violence exacerbates.

  • Domestic Gender Disparity

The ascent in Domestic Violence could likewise be ascribed to household-work related dissimilarity. India being a male centric culture, home-grown work is basically viewed as ladies’ work. Nonattendance of home-grown assistance and individuals tossed into crowdedness, expands remaining burden and restlessness follows, adding fuel to the progressing grinding between the couple and results in expanded odds of abuse in houses.

  • Absence of Resources

At long last, an absence of assets can likewise add to Domestic Violence. Albeit most court frameworks stay open for crisis matters, for example, conceding controlling requests, reports propose that a portion of these cases are being postponed. Legitimate administrations for casualties have likewise been influenced, with numerous lawful guide associations and backers (whereupon casualties intensely depend) presently being compelled to work distantly. It is likewise conceivable that a few adjudicators will be hesitant to hold brutal victimizers in prison because of the expanded danger of COVID-19 diseases in state offices.

Safe houses are confronting their own difficulties. While protects normally fill in as a place of refuge for casualties looking for relief from misuse, they are presently encountering wellbeing concerns and terminations due to their frequent dormitory-like, bunch living plans. In any event, when these sanctuaries can stay open, casualties may be hesitant to open themselves to high volumes of individuals around other people. In any case, numerous casualties—especially those in thickly populated urban communities encountering uncontrolled paces of contamination—are discovering covers more hard to get to.

  1. Reasons of delay in report or unreporting
  • Confined Movement

The lockdown crippled ladies by keeping them from moving to more secure spots in instances of viciousness and misuse. With people living together for longer periods, the security of ladies dove and examples of viciousness rose.

  • Crippled modes of correspondence

The Whatsapp number dispatched by the NCW had a restricted reach as just 38% of ladies in India own telephones and less have a web association, making this stage unavailable to larger part of ladies in the nation.

  • Decreased contact with the natal family

Natal family is typically the main purpose of contact for the person in question. They are not just basic in supporting the casualty in recording a grumbling yet in addition encourage documenting of objections to the police. The steady presence of the culprit made it hard for the casualties to contact their first respondent which at last hindered them from answering to systematized channels.

  • Inaccessibility of the proper emotionally supportive network

The apparatus under the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act had not been recognized as a fundamental help during the lockdown. Subsequently, the insurance officials couldn’t visit family units of casualties, NGOs couldn’t have actual cooperation’s with them and the cops being at the forefront in our push to handle COVID-19 were overstretched to help casualties adequately.


While the cross country limitations have been loose, different state and area-level lockdowns are summoned sometimes, permitting the pandemic of abusive behaviour at home to grow close by. We should not count VIOLENCE as a detriment to ladies as an unavoidable result of an emergency. However, improve the generally deferred strategy suggestions to address the circumstance.

In spite of the fact that it is reasonable that arrangements of fundamental needs and measures to contain the pandemic may overshadow reconnaissance of Domestic Violence, the drawn-out results of Domestic Violence can be similarly destroying, along these lines, dynamic measures towards observation and the board of Domestic Violence should be a crucial piece of the battle against COVID-19. Compelling execution of The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005, is need of the hour. The above Act orders wide exposure through various media (print and broadcast) to make mindfulness as a rule public, which can incorporate data about Interpersonal Violence Cycle, proportions of de-heightening a circumstance at home, helplines, cover homes and legitimate help accessible for ladies. A stopgap plan of safe spaces (space away from the victimizer) by the making of transitory asylum homes ought to likewise be thought of. Teaching and utilizing accessible HR like ASHA labourers and other wellbeing labourers, who are right now directing the way to entryway studies about Coronavirus, in recognizing unpretentious indications of DV would be reasonable.

To sum up we can say that in one hand, the whole world is worried about COVID-19 pandemic and battling with COVID-19 for the triumph of the human culture. On the other, a gathering of obtuse individuals is devastating the physical just as emotional wellness of partners. Consequently, both COVID-19 and aggressive behaviour at home have shown up as “twin general wellbeing crises”. The virus mirrored the pre-existing patriarchal notions and magnified the discrimination and pre-existing inequalities. Moreover, it has welcomed an enormous effect on psychological wellness too. The impact of aggressive behaviour at home on mental wellbeing is more perilous than actual wellbeing impact. It brings huge despondencies, bad dreams, eating issues just as other social dysfunctions. Indeed, even in ordinarily, battered ladies encounter self-destructive musings because of abusive behaviour at home. Subsequently, dire activities are needed to defeat these durable social issues.

Also Read: Flourishing Right To Life And Personal Liberty: Verdict On Section 377 & 497 Of IPC


[1] Govt of India. 2005. The Protection of Women From Domestic Violence Act; p. 2005. Retrieved 2020, from Legislative Department:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *