गुरुर्ब्रह्मा गुरुर्विष्णु र्गुरुर्देवो महेश्वरः |
गुरु साक्षात परब्रह्मा तस्मै श्रीगुरवे नमः गुरुर्ब्रह्मा गुरुर्विष्णु र्गुरुर्देवो महेश्वरः ||
Since 1962 Teacher’s day is commemorated on 5th September of every year in India, as a tribute to Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, the Second President of India, whose birth anniversary is on this day. Several other nations celebrate World Teachers’ Day on 5 October, as recognized by UNESCO in the year 1994.
The definition or the meaning of the teacher is narrowed down by the people in our country. People usually believe that the one who teaches in the school meant to be a teacher which is fallacious and not true. We strongly believe that anything you learn from anyone is to be called a teacher, regardless of their age. Indeed, it would not be wrong to say that the teachers are the pillar of a country. In this pandemic where the doctors are fighting day night without even thinking about their personal lives are the products made by great teachers. Individuals consistently neglected to acknowledge them as warriors and furthermore neglect to give them their due regard. People always manage to remember the political leaders for the drastic change in any country and even went ahead to worship them yet the role of teachers remains unknown. Teachers can be said to be the actual builders of modern Japan which challenge the world with their advanced technology, innovation, infrastructure, and the booming economy in spite of surviving two atomic bombs during the Second World War. The role of our warriors should not be neglected and should be given their due regard. The role of our warriors should not be neglected and should be given their due regard.
It will uncalled for to compose just good things about the teachers, we ought not to overlook that a few teachers are additionally liable for destroying the mental health of the students which ended with self-destruction or even suicide, there are various situations where teachers had committed a horrifying act, for example, assault, sexual maltreatment, etc. So it’s additionally essential that teachers ought to likewise work hard to keep up a decent connection with students, develop their emotional well-being, and ignite the democratic set up in the study halls which will certainly help in booming the teacher-student relationships.
Indian Judiciary on the noble profession of teaching
We would like to quote some of the extracts of the Hon’ble Supreme Court’s judgment on the noble profession of teaching.
The Supreme Court in Avinash Nagra vs Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti, observed that the Indian civilization has overhead the teacher as “Guru Brahma, Gurur Vishnu Guru Devo Maheswaraha”. Citing Mahatma Gandhi, Dr. Radhakrishnan and Swami Vivekananda’s quotation, the Court held that:
“As Brahma, the teacher creates knowledge, learning, and wisdom and also creates out of his students, men and women, equipped with ability and knowledge, discipline and intellectualism to enable them to face the challenges of their lives. As Vishnu, the teachers are the preserver of learning. As Maheswara, he destroys ignorance. Obviously, therefore, the teacher was placed on the pedestal below the parents. The State has taken care of service conditions of the teacher and he owed dual fundamental duties to himself and to the society. As a member of the noble teaching profession and a citizen of India, he should always be willing, self-disciplined, dedicated with integrity to remain ever a learner of knowledge, intelligently to articulate and communicate and imbibe in his students, as a social duty, to impart education, to bring them up with discipline, inculcate to abjure violence and to develop scientific temper with a spirit of enquiry and reform constantly to rise to higher levels in any walk of life-nurturing Constitutional ideals enshrined in Article 51A so as to make the students responsible citizens of the country. Thus the teacher either individually or collectively as a community of teachers should regenerate this dedication with a bent of spiritualism in the broader perspective of the Constitutionalism with secular ideologies enshrined in the Constitution as an arm of the State to establish egalitarian social order under the rule of law. Therefore, when the society has given such a pedestal, the conduct, character, ability and disposition of a teacher should be to transform the student into a disciplined citizen, inquisitive to learn, intellectual to pursue in any walk of life with dedication, discipline and devotion with an inquiring mind but not with blind customary beliefs. The education that is imparted by the teacher determines the level of the student for the development, prosperity and welfare of the society. The quality, competence and character of the teacher are, therefore, most significant for the efficiency of the education system as a pillar of built democratic institutions and to sustain them in their later years of life as a responsible citizen in different responsibilities. Without a dedicated and disciplined teacher, even the best of the education system is bound to fail. It is, therefore, the duty of the teacher to take such care of the pupils as a careful parent would take of its children and the ordinary principle of vicarious liability would apply where negligence is that of a teacher. The age of the pupil and the nature of the activity in which he takes part, are material factors determining the degree and supervision demanded by a teacher.”
The Supreme Court in Sushmita Basu & Ors vs Ballygunge Siksha Samity, observed that:
“We must remember that the profession of teaching is a noble profession. It is not employed in the sense of it being merely an earner of bread and butter. A teacher fulfils a great role in the life of the nation. He is the ‘guru’. It is the teacher, who moulds its future citizens by imparting to his students not only knowledge but also a sense of duty, righteousness and dedication to the welfare of the nation, in addition to other qualities of head and heart. If teachers clamour for more salaries and perquisites, the normal consequence in the case of private educational institutions, if the demand is conceded, would be to pass on the burden to the students by increasing the fees payable by the students. Teachers must ask themselves whether they should be the cause for putting education beyond the ken of children of parents of average families with average incomes. A teacher’s profession calls for a little sacrifice in the interests of the nation. The main asset of a teacher is his students former and present. Teachers who have lived up to ideals are held in great esteem by their disciples. The position of the Guru, the teacher, in our ethos is equal to that of God (Matha Pitha Guru Daivam). The teachers of today must ensure that this great Indian concept and the reverential position they hold, is not sacrificed at the altar of avarice.”
In State of Maharashtra v. Vikas Sahebrao Roundale, the Apex Court held that:
“The teacher plays a pivotal role in moulding the career, character and moral fibres and aptitude for educational excellence in impressive young children. Formal education needs proper equipping of the teachers to meet the challenges of the day to impart lessons with latest techniques to the students on secular, scientific and rational outlook. A well-equipped teacher could bring the needed skills and intellectual capabilities to the students in their pursuits. The teacher is adorned as Gurudevobhava, next after parents, as he is a principal instrument to awakening the child to the cultural ethos, intellectual excellence and discipline. The teachers, therefore, must keep abreast of ever-changing techniques, the needs of the society and to cope up with the psychological approach to the aptitudes of the children to perform that pivotal role. In short, teachers need to be endowed and energised with the needed potential to serve the needs of society. The qualitative training in the training colleges or schools would inspire and motivate them into action to the benefit of the students. For equipping such trainee students in a school or a college, all facilities and equipment are absolutely necessary and institutions bereft thereof have no place to exist nor entitled to recognition. In that behalf compliance of the statutory requirements is insisted upon. Slackening the standard and judicial fiat to control the mode of education and examining system is detrimental to the efficient management of the education.”
The Court stated that the qualifications and the character of the teacher is paramount important in Manager, Nirmala Senior, Secondary School, Port Blair vs. NI Khan
“Educational institutions are temples of learning. The virtues of human intelligence are mastered and harmonised by education. Where there is complete harmony between the teacher and the taught, where the teacher imparts and the student receives, where there is a complete dedication of the teacher and the taught in learning, where there is a discipline between the teacher and the taught, where both are worshipers of learning, no discord or challenge will arise. An educational institution runs smoothly when the teacher and the taught are engaged in the common ideal of the pursuit of knowledge. It is, therefore, manifest that the appointment of teachers is an important part of educational institutions. The qualifications and character of the teachers are really important.”