Sources of Indian Constitution

Sources of Indian Constitution

The Indian constitution, it is the longest handwritten Constitution in the world. The Constituent Assembly took 2 years 11 months and 17/18 days to prepare the final draft.

Indian Constitution is often called as a bag of borrowings because it has borrowed its provisions from the Constitution of various other countries. 

On being criticised for its borrowing nature Dr. B.R. Ambedkar had quoted that “Nobody holds any patent rights in the fundamental ideas of the Constitution”. 

So, here, is the list of all provisions that it has borrowed from the Constitution of other countries. [ Sources of Indian Constitution ]

  1. Government of India Act, 1935
  • Federal Scheme i.e. Central State Relation
  • Office of Governor
  • Executive Function
  • Judiciary
  • Public Service Commission
  • Emergency Provision etc
  1. British Constitution
  • Parliamentary Form of Government
  • Legislative Procedure i.e. Law making procedure
  • Single Citizenship
  • Cabinet system
  • Writs
  • Parliamentary privileges
  • Rule of law
  • Bicameralism
  • Parliamentary System with Ministerial Responsibility etc
  1. U.S Constitution
  • Fundamental Rights
  • Independence of Judiciary
  • Judicial Review
  • Impeachment of the President
  •  Removal of the Supreme Court and High Court Judges
  • President as the Executive Head
  • President of the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces
  • Vice-president as ex- Officio Chairmen Of the council of states etc
  • Advertisement
  1. Canadian Constitution
  • Federation with a strong Centre
  • Appointment of state Governor by the Centre
  • Residuary power in the hands of Centre
  • Advisory Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court etc
  1. Irish Constitution
  • Directive principles of State policy
  •  Method of Election of president
  • Nomination of members of Rajya Sabha by the president etc
  • Australian constitution
  • Provision regarding freedom of trade, commerce and intercourse
  •  Concurrent List
  • Joint sitting of two houses of parliament etc
  1. Soviet constitution, USSR, Now Russian constitution
  • Fundamental Duties
  •  Ideal of justice enumerated in the preamble i.e. Social, economic and political justice
  1. South African constitution
  • Procedure for amendment of the constitution.
  • Election of members of Rajya sabha
  1. Weimer constitution of Germany
  • Suspension of fundamental Rights during Emergency
  1.  French constitution
  • Republic and the ideals of liberty, equality and Fraternity in the preamble
  1. Japanese Constitution
  • Procedure Established by law

[ Sources of Indian Constitution ]

Also Read: Schedules of the Indian Constitution

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