Interim Bail in Habeas Corpus Petitions Challenging Preventive Detention can be granted only in Exceptional Circumstances: Madras HC

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Interim bail in habeas corpus petitions challenging preventive detention can be granted only in exceptional circumstances when it is made out that the intervention of the court is indispensable.

Brief Facts

  • A person was detained and was regarded as a “sand offender” under the Tamil Nadu Prevention of Dangerous Activities of Bootleggers, Cyber Law Offenders, Drug-Offenders, Forest-Offenders, Goondas, Immoral Traffic Offenders, Sand-Offenders, Sexual Offenders, Slum-Grabbers and Video Pirates Act, 1982.
  • After the detenu was granted interim bail on June 15, the Government moved an application seeking recall of that order, challenging that the detenu can’t be released on interim bail on the ground that he was not produced before the Advisory Board, as there is no provision in the Act 14 of 1982, that mandates the production of the detenue before the Advisory Board.

HC’s Observation

We are of the view that though this Court has got jurisdiction to grant interim bail in deserving cases, the exercise of such jurisdiction and power has intrinsic restrictions, as has been laid down in a catena of decisions of the Hon’ble Supreme Court, the HC ruled.

We have no hesitation to hold that the prayer for interim bail cannot be normally entertained by this Court in Habeas Corpus Petition, unless and until, it has been made out that intervention of this Court is indispensable at that stage.


It is amply clear that this Court while dealing with habeas corpus petitions under Article 226 of the Constitution, wherein, the validity of the detention orders are sought to be questioned, has jurisdiction to grant interim bail, but the exercise of the said jurisdiction is inevitably circumscribed by the considerations which are special to such proceedings, the Court added.

Holding therefore, the Madras HC recalled an order passed on June 15 to grant interim bail to a detenu, after considering the objections raised by the Tamil Nadu government against his release

Case Name: The Government of Tamil Nadu and another v. S Indira Moorthy

Case no.: Crl.M.P.No.5340 of 2020


Also Read: Advocate Cannot Be Made Criminally Liable For Defamation: Madras HC

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