The word democracy is originated from a Greek words ‘demos’ meaning whole citizen living within a particular city-state and ‘Kratos’ meaning power or rule. There are usually four major characteristics which define the liberal democracy, that is, Legitimacy, Justice, Freedom and Liberty. A genuine or legitimate government is one that has the fitting command and the power to run the show. This typically implies a serious extent of well-known help as shown by a free electorate and continuous races. Equity is cultivated when citizens of the nation live in a space in which all citizens are managed comparably and concurred respectability and respect. This may occur in a representative vote based framework that is tempered by constitutionalism, free races and limitations on power. In a liberal type of government, tries are made to portray and limit power, every now and again by techniques for a formed constitution. Adjusted administration, for instance, the partition of the parliament, senior government and legitimate power are established. Moreover, there are shows of lead and a legal structure that supplements the political system. The possibility of vote based system or democracy is being undermined in this current time, it is just restricted to the individual’s cooperation and a simple normal political decision, even Russia or China lead an election, does that mean they are democratic?
The litmus test for a vote based system isn’t whether policy choices have popular help or support; it is whether the policy decisions themselves are made through equitable cycles.
Major Democratic Practices Proposed by Robert Dahl
Authority over policy-making is intrinsically vested in chosen authorities. Chosen authorities are picked in incessant and reasonably directed decisions in which compulsion is relatively phenomenal. For all intents and purposes, adults reserve the option to cast a ballot in the appointment of authorities. Essentially all adult residents reserve the privilege to run the elective workplaces in the administration. Citizens reserve an option to communicate without the risk of serious discipline on political issues. Citizens have a right to seek out alternative sources of information. Moreover, alternative sources of information exist and are protected by law. Citizens also have the right to form relatively independent associations or organizations, including independent political parties and interest groups. Chosen authorities can practice their powers unafraid of being superseded. The polity is self-governing; and able to act independently of constraints imposed by others. People have the freedom to speak and publish dissenting views.
Robert Dahl, the staggering democratic researcher of the earlier century, set out fundamental standards of cycles to depict guaranteed democratic framework, major among them comprehensiveness and public contestation. Comprehensiveness suggests that every citizen should have the right to speak freely of discourse and articulation, full permission to all information and proportional law-based rights. Open contestation suggests that each political affiliation and social affairs should have the alternative to fight in races and express their sentiments on a proportional equalization.
Democracy and India
Indian democracy since its origin is being always threatened by the religious dogmas and superstitions, religious fanatics, political organizations etc. Yet Indian democracy survives in this turmoil situation and with rigid obstacles.
In the yearly report 2018, V-Dem portrays India’s rapid decrease in the area of democracy as genuine. V-Dem’s discoveries are in accordance with changes made by PEN International with respect to the opportunity of the press, just as with reports from Amnesty International concerning viciousness against minorities. India’s democratic pillars have been observed being compromised after the general election of 2014.
At the hour of Indian autonomy, the Constitution had the twin difficulties of making a utilitarian regulatory state mechanical assembly and a mass democracy – made essentially harder because of the need to oblige across regal states and those regions under frontier lead and enhance contentions across caste and religion. In the investigation of democratic changes in the West, it is surely known that, generally, the managerial states were merged and suffused with critical limit before augmentation of mass democratic rights and serious gathering frameworks.
This implies, in the West, the managerial states have built up autonomy and notoriety of its own that made it less helpless to political catch. With mass destitution and a frail state contraption, numerous experts 74 years prior accepted that Indian democracy would before long disintegrate India was the democratic system that was never expected to endure.
In any case, India has for quite some time been an anomaly; it is by a wide margin the most unfortunate of long-standing majority rules systems around the globe. In maybe the nearest examination of why India stays a democratic system. The timelessness of India’s democracy results from the general concept of India – a bureaucratic structure that regards and permits bargain between different ethnic and strict characters – which forestalls the centralization of intensity that comprises a fair breakdown. The tradeoffs among provincial and public characters, across religions and caste, cherished in federalism are regularly observed as essential for the ingenuity of democracy.
Scholars of modern India are warning about the declining democracy and a threat to the basic structure of democracy. They compared the present political structure with the fascist regime of Hitler and Mussolini. The social, economic and political structure of India is completely changed after the election of 2014. The hyper-nationalism, hate towards minorities, caste discrimination, misuse of laws, extrajudicial killings, autocratic behaviour of political leaders is on a rapid rise. As a true citizen of this country, one needs to question the authority and work harder to create a society or a nation which is ruled by equality, liberty and fraternity