Actus legis nemini facit injuriam

Actus legis nemini facit injuriam

Literal meaning:-

An act of the law does injury to no one

Explanation & origin:-

Origin: Medieval era in European countries

Explanation: As decided in the case of P.G.Pattabi vs Mythili [(2010 [3] L.W 785)] that the maxim actus legis nemini facit injuriam denotes that no one could raise any objection or complain that he has been wronged by any steps legally taken by the Court. General meaning that is derived out of the maxim is that the bringing of a lawsuit by one party against another party does not harm the second party (other than a frivolous action). Therefore no one can be injured by any legal action. However, some laws may be detrimental to some person but that does not mean the act of law amounts to injury to that person.

Also Read: Doli Incapax

Case study:-

R.A. Arunachala Aiyar vs. C. Subbaramiah

Bench of Madras High Court held that Even otherwise,  in abnormal situations like strike in question, which can hardly be resisted by any litigant by applying any amount of skill or ability of his own, the courts should not insist for strict adherence to the procedural law so as to prejudice the interest of such litigants. In legal sense such incidents are well covered by the expression Acts of God. (See Halsbury’s Laws of England, Fourth Edition, Vol. 9, para 458). Therefore, the maxim Actus

 Dei Nemini Facit Injuriam (an Act of God causes legal injury to no one) will have its full application in the present case.

Also Read: De Minimis Non Curat Lex

Baburao Ganpatro Tirmalle vs Bhimappa Venkappa Kandakur [ILR 1996 KAR 1565]

In this case, the Court is bound to invoke the principle actus legis nemini facit injuriam and do Justice to the aggrieved. The Court has then to pass appropriate orders permitting the tenant to reconstruct the premises in terms of its earlier order passed and if feasible in accordance with the approved plan and only to the extent it need accommodate the tenant and not beyond that. The expenses incurred in this behalf has to be made good by the landlord.

Also Read: Actus Non Facit Reum Nisi Mens Sit Rea

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